CSS Geography Syllabus 2024

Geography CSS Syllabus 2024

The following is the complete syllabus for CSS Geography Syllabus 2024, which is divided into two parts and accounts for a total of 100 marks. CSS Geography is a Group 7 exam for CSS candidates, and it is important to thoroughly understand the syllabus to succeed in the examination.

(Part-I)  Physical Geography (Marks 50)


Land & Earth Formation:

The formation of land and the Earth is influenced by various factors that control the development of landforms.CSS Geography Syllabus 2023 These factors can be categorized into two main groups:

endogenic forces and exogenic forces.

Endogenic forces are related to the origin and evolution of the Earth’s crust, including the physical conditions of the

  • Earth’s interior,
  • geosynclines,
  • continental drift,
  • isostasy,
  • sea-floor spreading,
  • plate tectonics,
  • mountain building,
  • volcanicity,
  • and earthquakes.
  • Exogenic forces,
  • on the other hand, are related to the processes occurring at the Earth’s surface, including the
  • concept of geomorphic cycles
  • and the landforms associated with fluvial,
  • arid,
  • glacial,
  • coastal,
  • and karst cycles,
  • as well as groundwater.



  • The Atmosphere:
  • Climate Elements and Factors
  • Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere
  • Insolation,
  • World Pressure Belts,
  • and Temperature Earth’s Heat Budget Atmospheric Circulation Patterns Planetary,
  • Monsoon,
  • and Local Winds Air Masses and Fronts
  • The Water Cycle Condensation and Precipitation
  • Types Factors Influencing Global Precipitation Distribut

Oceans & Seas:

  • The Origin of Oceans and Seas.
  • The Characteristic features of the Ocean basins.
  • The Distribution of Temperature & Salinity and their causes and effects.
  • The characteristics and classification of Ocean floor deposits.
  • The Ocean Circulation phenomenon.
  • The nature, causes, and effects of Waves, Currents, and Tides.

Climate & Environment:

  • Factors that contribute to Climate and Environmental Change.
  • The ways in which humans transform nature.
  • Environmental degradation and the importance of conservation.
  • The nature and types of pollution, and the problems caused by it.
  • Global Warming and its impacts.
  • Global Environment Patterns and their significance.
  • Environmental Hazards and Risk Management strategies

You may also like:

Part –II– Human Geography (Marks 50)

Culture, Languages, Religions, Ethnicity & Development


  • Roots and spread of culture
  • Geographical trends in culture

Language Studies:

  • Categorization of languages
  • Global dispersion of languages

Indo-European dialects

  • Religious Studies:
  • Origins of faiths
  • Dissemination of beliefs
  • Worldwide spread
  • Regional strife

Ethnic Studies:

  • Ethnic groups and nationalities
  • Conflicts between ethnicities
  • Cultural diversity around the world
  • Causes of ethnic cleansing
  • Examples of ethnic cleansing

Development Studies:

  • Measures of progress
  • Economic gauges
  • Societal metrics
  • Health standards
  • Development facilitated by commerce
  • Ramifications of development measures

Agriculture, Industrialization & Energy:


  • Influential factors in agriculture
  • Subsistence farming and population growth
  • Market-driven commercial agriculture
  • Sustainability in agriculture
  • Various types and geographic distributions of agriculture


  • Factors in industrial site selection
  • The historical Industrial Revolution
  • Theories of industrial development
  • Geographical distribution of industries and industrial parks


  • Renewable energy sources
  • Resource recycling
  • Sustainability in energy production.

Population & Urbanization:


  • Factors contributing to population growth
  • Components driving population change
  • Structure of populations
  • The demographic transition experienced by many countries
  • Global distribution of populations
  • Threats posed by overpopulation and underpopulation, along with their consequences.


  • Models for understanding the internal structure of cities
  • Patterns of urbanization observed around the world
  • Theories explaining why cities form
  • Problems that can arise within urban areas, such as poverty, crime, and pollution.

Political Geography, Tourism & Health:

Politics and Political Geography:

  • State as a Politico-Territorial Phenomenon
  • State, Nation, and the Nation-State
  • World Politics and International Relations
  • Politics of unequal development and worldwide spread of capital


  • Geography of Tourism and Recreation
  • Demand and supply for tourism and recreation
  • Impact of tourism and recreation on both socio-economic and physical-environmental aspects


  • Global patterns in health and diseases
  • Models in medical geography
  • Recent issues and developments

Overall, these topics are important to understand in the context of Geography and provide a comprehensive foundation for CSS examination preparation.

FAQs of CSS Geography Syllabus 2024

What are the topics in geography for CSS?

The topics in geography for CSS include physical geography, human geography, regional geography, and geographical techniques and skills.

Is geography a good subject for CSS?

Yes, geography is a good subject for CSS as it covers a wide range of topics and is relevant to many fields, such as international relations, environmental studies, and urban planning.

What are the 6 compulsory CSS subjects?

The 6 compulsory CSS subjects are English Essay, English (Precis and Composition), General Science and Ability, Current Affairs, Pakistan Affairs, and Islamic Studies or Comparative Study of Major Religions (for non-Muslim candidates).

What is the total marks of CSS exam?

The total marks of CSS exam are 1200, which include 600 marks for written exams and 600 marks for interviews.

Recommended Books for the CSS Geography Syllabus 2024

Book Title Publisher Name Year
Physical Geography Lake, P.
Physical Geography Strahler, A.N.
An Introduction to Climate Trewartha, G.T.
An Introduction to Map work and Practical Bygott J.
Maps and Diagrams Monkhouse, F.J. & Wilkinson, H.R.
Human Geography Deblin, H.J.
Human Geography Bradford, M.G. & Kent, W.A.
Population Geography Jones, H.R.
Population Geography Clarke, J.I.
Economic Geography Pounds, N.
South Asia Jonson, B.L.C.
An Introduction to South Asia Farmer, B.H.
A Geography of Pakistan Kureshy, K.U.
Discovering Physical Geography 2nd ed. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. by Alan F. Arbogast 2011
Introducing Physical Geography Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons by Alan Strahler 2011
Atmosphere, Weather and Climate (7th ed.) London: Clays St. Davis by Barry, R. 1998
Meknight’s Physical Geography A Landscape Application 10th ed PHI Learning, New Delhi by Darrel Hess 2012
Text Book of Population Geography Random Publications, New Delhi by Dr. Martin Ardagh 2013
Atmosphere, Climate, and Change New York: Scientific American Library by Graedel, T. 1995
An Introduction to Oceanography Johnson H. 1996
Economic Geography Random Publications, New Delhi by Philip Emeral 2013
Essentials of Physical Geography 8th ed Australia by Robert E. Gabler& James F. Petersen 2007
Geosystems: An Introduction to Physical Geography 7th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall by Robert W. Christopherson 2009
Tourism Geography Random Publications, New Delhi by Shweta Singh 2013
Elements of physical geography New York. John Wiley by Strahler, A. N. 1998
Natural Disaster Management: New technologies and opportunities, The Icfai Uni. Press, Agartala by Subir Ghosh 2012
Economic Geography 3rd ed. PHI Learning, New Delhi by Truman A. Hartshorn 2010
Environmental Geography: Science Landuse and Earth System 3rd ed. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons by William M. Marsh 2005
Geography, Regions, and Concepts U.S.A: John Wiley and Sons, Inc by Blif, H. J. 1971
Human Geography Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. by Blij, H. J. 2000
Population Geography Oxford: Pergamon Press by Clarke, J. I. 1965
Human Geography Cultural Society and

Leave a Comment